Medicines to not consume without a prescription

By | January 7, 2022

With the bulk of the information available online, people often self-diagnose their condition and start consuming several prescription medicines such as statins or steroids, without consulting a doctor. This can put people at risk of severe allergic reactions, some of which can be life-threatening. It is extremely necessary to analyse the dosage, possible complications and harmful interactions of the medicine with other medicines before consumption. Medicines should always be taken under the supervision of a healthcare professional.  

Medicines to not consume without a prescription

Prescription painkillers

While over-the-counter pain relievers (such as paracetamol) are generally deemed safe, some prescription analgesics might do more harm than good if misused. People with chronic pain are typically prescribed prescription medications such as opioids (tramadol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen and aspirin). Abuse of these pain relievers, on the other hand, can cause major side effects like indigestion, stomach ulcers, bleeding, rashes, bruises, liver damage, heart attack, and even stroke.


Antibiotics are used to treat a variety of bacterial illnesses, including strep throat, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB), meningitis, and more. Antibiotics can, however, cause microbial resistance if they are used inappropriately, excessively, or for an insufficient amount of time. This decreases the antibiotic’s effectiveness in treating that particular bacterial infection. Because amoxicillin (one of the most regularly administered antibiotics) has developed resistance in the body, it is often given in conjunction with clavulanic acid.


Statins are cholesterol-lowering drugs that are administered to persons who have excessive cholesterol levels in their blood, which raises their risk of heart disease. Some people, however, utilise these medications to lose weight without contacting a physician. This puts patients at risk for muscle and joint injury, liver damage, and a variety of neurological side effects like confusion and memory loss. Rather than using statins, cholesterol-lowering foods such as whole wheat, brown rice, omega-3-rich fatty fish (sardines and tuna), lentils, pulses, nuts and seeds should be included in the diet.


Anabolic steroids are prescription drugs that are frequently abused to boost muscle mass and athletic endurance. They have no idea that using anabolic steroids improperly can cause a wide range of negative effects, from minor ones like acne and mood swings to life-threatening ones like heart attack, stroke, liver damage, and severe hormonal imbalance.

Sleeping pills

People with sleeping difficulties, such as insomnia, are frequently prescribed sleeping drugs, sometimes known as sedatives or hypnotics. Misuse of these sleeping medications, on the other hand, can cause dizziness, difficulty balance, dry mouth, headaches, heartburn, and nausea. Furthermore, non-prescribed sleeping medications can put patients with sleep apnoea’s lives in danger since their breathing is interrupted while they sleep. Even melatonin (the sleep hormone) pills should not be taken without a prescription.

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