It is important to maintain the health of your vital organs in order to live a healthy life. Kidneys are one of them. These are a pair of bean-shaped organs at the base of the rib cage, each about 4 to 5 inches long. The evacuation of wastes and toxins from the body, the generation of certain hormones, the induction of red blood cell formation, and the management of extracellular fluid volume, blood pressure, acid-base balance, and electrolyte concentrations are all responsibilities of these multitasking organs
- Maintaining a healthy body weight:
Obesity can contribute to high blood pressure, which is detrimental for kidney health, therefore staying fit is crucial for your kidneys. Weight gain, high blood pressure, and the risk of chronic kidney disease can all be avoided with regular physical activity. In comparison to the general population, chronic kidney disease patients have lower levels of physical activity and performance. And several studies have suggested that exercise involvement will help in improving several health parameters in chronic kidney disease patients.
2. Drinking water:
Water aids in the removal of toxins from the bloodstream and the elimination of waste from the body. It also aids in the prevention of kidney stones and infections of the urinary tract. How much water you need is determined by a variety of factors such as your age, climate, exercise intensity, health status, and so on. Staying hydrated is beneficial to your kidneys, but don’t go overboard; no studies have shown that excessive hydration improves kidney function. People who have had kidney stones in the past should drink a little more water to prevent stone formation in the future. If you have renal, heart, or liver illness, talk to your doctor about the right amount of water to drink for your situation
3. Maintain a Healthy Diet:
Healthy eating habits can aid in maintaining a healthy weight, preventing diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and other chronic kidney disease related illnesses. Fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat or fat-free dairy products are all good choices. Reduce the amount of salt and sugar added to your food. Aim for a low-sodium diet that contains no more than 2,500 mg of salt per day. Reduce your daily sugar intake to less than 10% of your total calories. Avoid fatty foods, restaurant food, processed meats, and other meals that can harm your kidneys
4. Avoid Smoking and limit the intake of Alcohol:
Both smoking and consuming alcohol elevate blood pressure which is one of the most common causes of chronic renal disease is high blood pressure. Smoking damages blood vessels, reducing blood flow to organs such as the kidneys. When the kidneys don’t get enough blood, they can’t operate properly. Smoking also raises your chances of getting cancer, especially kidney cancer.The risk of the disease gets decreases when you quit smoking. Quitting smoking is a challenging task, but you may get help from a professional to get started on your smoke-free path. If you drink alcohol, it is recommended that you limit yourself to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men.
5. Assess your risk and get tested:
Get your kidney function examined if you or someone in your family has a history of renal failure, diabetes, high blood pressure, or obesity. Diabetes and high blood pressure are two of the most common causes of renal disease. Even if you have no signs or symptoms of high blood pressure or diabetes, or if you are unaware of your family’s medical history, you may be at risk. Getting frequent health tests is the greatest method to determine how healthy your kidneys are. This aids in the early detection of any health condition so that action can be taken to slow or avoid further damage.